Posted on March 13, 2015 · Posted in Windows 7

Port Forwarding in Windows

In Microsoft Windows, starting from Windows XP, there is a built-in ability to set up network ports forwarding (port forwarding). Due to it, any connection coming to any port can be forwarded to another local port or even to port on remote computer. Not necessarily that the system has a service listens on this port.

Port forwarding in Windows can be configured using Portproxy mode of the command Netsh. The syntax of this command is as follows:
netsh interface portproxy add v4tov4 listenaddress=localaddress listenport=localport connectaddress=destaddress connectport=destport

  1. listenaddress is a local ip address waiting for a connection
  2. listenport listening port (the connection is waited on it)
  3. connectaddress is an IP address  or  DNS name to which the connection will be forwarded
  4. connectport is a TCP port to which the connection from listenport is forwarded to

Suppose, that our task is to make the RDP service to respond on a non-standard port, for example 3340 (the port can be changed in the settings of the service, but we will use RDP to make it easier to demonstrate forwarding).

Start the command prompt as an administrator and perform the following command:

netsh interface portproxy add v4tov4 listenport=3340 listenaddress= connectport=3389 connectaddress=

Windows 7 port forward rule

Using netstat make sure that port 3340 is listened now

netstat -ano | findstr :3340

netstat -ano - Get process PID

You can find out what process is listening to this port use its PID (in our example, the PID is 336):

tasklist | findstr 336

Let’s try to connect to this computer from a remote system using any RDP client. Port 3340 should be specified as the RDP port. (It is specified after the column following the RDP server address):

RDP client connect to different port

The connection should be established  successful.

Important. Make sure that your firewall (Windows Firewall or a third-party one that are often included into an antivirus software) allows incoming connections to the new port. If necessary, you can add a new Windows Firewall rule using this command:

netsh advfirewall firewall add rule name=”RDP_3340” protocol=TCP dir=in localip=  localport=3340 action=allow

Display the list of forwarding rules in the system:

netsh interface portproxy show all

In our case there is only one forwarding rule from port 3340 to 3389:

Listen on ipv4:             Connect to ipv4:
Address         Port        Address         Port
--------------- ----------  --------------- ----------     3340     3389

Tip. Also, portproxy settings can be obtained as follows:
netsh interface portproxy dump
# Port Proxy configuration
pushd interface portproxy
add v4tov4 listenport=3340 connectaddress= connectport=3389
# End of Port Proxy configuration

netsh interface portproxy dump

To remove a forwarding rule:

netsh interface portproxy delete v4tov4 listenport=3340 listenaddress=

Display all port forward rules

To clear all current forwarding rules:

netsh interface portproxy reset

Important. This forwarding scheme works only for TCP ports. You won’t be able to forward UDP ports this way. Also you can’t use as connectaddress.

If you wont  to forward an incoming TCP connection to another computer, the command can look like this:

netsh interface portproxy add v4tov4 listenport=3389 listenaddress= connectport=3389 connectaddress=

This rule forwards all incoming RDP requests to the IP address

Another portproxy feature is an opportunity to make it look like any remote network service is operating locally.

For example, forward the connection from the local port 5555 to the remote address (CNN website):

netsh interface portproxy add v4tov4 listenport=5555 connectport=80 connectaddress= protocol=tcp

Now if you go to http://localhost:5555/ in your browser, CNN Start page will open. So despite the browser addresses the local computer, it opens a remote page.

localhost:5555 open remote page on localhost

Port forwarding can also be used to forward a port from an external address of a network card to a virtual machine port running on the same computer.

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