Posted on March 11, 2015 · Posted in Windows Server 2012 R2

SMB 1.0 Support in Windows Server 2012 R2

A new version of SMB 3 protocol was presented in Windows Server 2012 R2 (technically, it is SMB 3.02,  since SMB 3.0 appeared in Windows Server 2012), the driver of the outdated SMB 1.0 is now disabled and its components are not loaded. Since SMB 1.0 is not supported, the outdated OS versions (Windows XP, Server 2003, etc.) and compatible clients (Mac OSX 10.8 Mountain Lion, Snow Leopard, Mavericks, earlier Linux versions) won’t be able to access files located on the file server running Windows 2012 R2.

Different SMB versions appeared in the following Windows versions:

  • CIFS - Windows NT 4.0
  • SMB 1.0 – Windows 2000
  • SMB 2.0 – Windows Server 2008 and Windows Vista SP1
  • SMB 2.1 – Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows 7
  • SMB 3.0 – Windows Server 2012 and Windows 8
  • SMB 3.02 – Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1

In the network interaction over SMB, a client and a server use the maximum version of the SMB protocol supported both by the client and the server.

The summary table of SMB version compatibility on the side of a client and a server looks like this:

Operation System Windows 8.1,
Server 2012 R2
Windows 8,
Server 2012
Windows 7,
Server 2008 R2
Windows Vista,
Server 2008
Windows XP, Server 2003 and earlier
Windows 8.1 ,
Server 2012 R2
SMB 3.02 SMB 3.0 SMB 2.1 SMB 2.0 SMB 1.0
Windows 8 ,
Server 2012
SMB 3.0 SMB 3.0 SMB 2.1 SMB 2.0 SMB 1.0
Windows 7,
Server 2008 R2
SMB 2.1 SMB 2.1 SMB 2.1 SMB 2.0 SMB 1.0
Windows Vista,
Server 2008
SMB 2.0 SMB 2.0 SMB 2.0 SMB 2.0 SMB 1.0
Windows XP, 2003 and earlier SMB 1.0 SMB 1.0 SMB 1.0 SMB 1.0 SMB 1.0

For example, if a client computer running Windows 7 connects to a file server running Windows Server 2012, SMB 2.1 will be used.

Tip. With this Powershell command, you can find out which SMB version a client uses to interact with a server:


According to the table, Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 can use only SMB 1.0 to access folders and files, but by default it is disabled in Windows Server 2012 R2. So, if your infrastructure has computers running Windows XP ( no longer supported ), Windows Server 2003 / R2 and servers running Windows Server 2012 R2, you should understand that the older clients will not be able to access files and folders on a file server running new OS. If Windows 2012 R2 is used as a domain controller, it means that Windows XP / Server 2003 clients won’t be able to execute logon scripts (NETLOGON) and run some of the group policies stored in the network folders on the domain controllers (for example, when using the Central Store for ADM templates). When trying to connect to any resource on the file server, the clients receive the following error message:

The specified network name is no longer available

If you look through the default Windows Server 2012 R2 features, you’ll notice SMB 1.0/CIFS File Sharing Support. If you install this role, the Computer Browser appears in the system, but SMB 1.0 driver is inactive. 

SMB 1.0/CIFS File Sharing Support feature in windows server 2012 r2

Tip. If you don’t need to support an older SMB version for computers running Windows XP or Windows Server 2003, you can disable this function to reduce the system load and improve security as shown below:

Remove-WindowsFeature FS-SMB1

By default, both drivers SMB 1 and SMB 2 are loaded in Windows Server 2012. To confirm this, open the properties of a system service Server (LanmanServer) and in the Dependencies tab you can see that Server SMB Driver and  SMB Driver are running on the server at the same time.

Windows 2012: SMB Driver and  SMB Drivers

If you open Server properties in Windows 2012 R2, you’ll see that there is no driver that supports SMB 1.0 and it is excluded from dependencies.

Windows Server 2012 R2 support only smb 2 driver

To restore the access of XP/2003 clients over SMB to the file servers/domain controllers on Windows Server 2012 R2, you can activate SMB 1 support through the registry.

To enable SMB 1.0 support in Windows Server 2012 R2, open the Registry Editor, go to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\LanmanServer and change the value of DependOnService from SamSS Srv2 to SamSS Srv.

SamSS Srv in dependencies LanmanServer service

After that you have to restart the server and make sure that SMB 1.0 driver is working.

smb 1 support on windows server 2012 R2

This actions should be performed on all file servers and domain controllers, to which older OS versions connect.

Note. It is strongly recommended to migrate from Windows XP to a later OS as soon as possible. This is true to Windows Server 2003, that will stop getting support next summer.

Related Articles